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Assignments

World History

Instructor
Bret Polish
Term
2017-2018 School Year
Department
Independent Study
Description

Welcome to World History with Mr. Polish! Our class will meet every Wednesday from 9:15 – 10:30 am and your attendance there is required. Because we only meet one day a week, it is important that you maintain communication with me by e-mail if you are having any issues with me, school, or the work. My e-mail is bpolish@champscharter.org and I check it every day so expect me to get back to you no more than 24 hours after you have messaged me.

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Due:

WWII Essay Test

Was World War II a “just” or “unjust” war?   In crafting your argument, make sure to answer the following questions:

Why did World War II begin?

How did WWII affect soldiers and civilians?

What was the outcome of the war?

Because you will be writing this essay without any notes, you do not need to include any direct quotes.  However, since this is your first essay test, you will be allowed to bring a pre-written introduction.

Past Assignments

Due:

WWII Essay Rough Draft

Was World War II a “just” or “unjust” war?   In crafting your argument, make sure to answer the following questions:

Why did World War II begin?

How did WWII affect soldiers and civilians?

What was the outcome of the war?

You must provide at least 6 specific examples throughout your 5 paragraph essay to support your thesis.

Due:

“War in Southeast Asia” Extra Credit

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 528-533.  DEFINE ALL 8 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. Who controlled Southeast Asia, or Indochina, in the 1800s?  What happened to Southeast Asia in WWII?
  2. What did the French try to do to Indochina after WWII? What did the Vietnamese do because of this?
  3. Why did the French leave Vietnam in 1954? What did world powers agree to do about Vietnam that year?
  4. How come the U.S. never allowed elections in Vietnam like it had promised? What government did the U.S. support in Vietnam?  How had this government alienated the majority of Vietnamese?
  5. What did communist guerilla forces start doing in South Vietnam in the early 1960s? How did the U.S. aid the South Vietnamese dictatorship at first?
  6. What was the Gulf of Tonkin incident in 1964? How did American President Lyndon B. Johnson mis-represent this incident to Congress?  What powers did Congress give him because of this?
  7. What did the U.S. do to get men to join the army? What did many young men do because of this?
  8. Why did many Vietnamese villages become American military targets? What was the Tet Offensive and why was it unexpected?
  9. Why did so many Americans oppose the Vietnam War? What did President Johnson do because of opposition to the war?
  10. Who brought an end to the Vietnam War and when did he do this? What were the terms of the Paris Peace Accord?
  11. What happened in South Vietnam in 1976? What had the U.S. done to Cambodia during the Vietnam War?  How did this help the Khmer Rouge?
  12. Who were the Khmer Rouge and what did they do once they came to power? Who put a stop to this?

Due:

“Communism Spreads in East Asia” HW

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 521-527.  DEFINE ALL 8 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. What had Chinese Communists gained by the end of WWII?  What was the Chinese Civil War and who were the two sides in it?
  2. Who ultimately won the Chinese Civil War and why did they win? What happened to the losing side?
  3. What happened to Tibet in 1950? Who is the Dalai Lama and what did he do in 1959?
  4. What kind of government did Mao Zedong set up in China? What were Mao’s opponents called and what happened to them?
  5. What was the Great Leap Forward and why was it a dismal failure? What did this lead to?
  6. What was the Cultural Revolution? How did this affect China and what brought it to an end?
  7. Why were China and the Soviet Union uneasy allies in the 1950s? Why did China and the Soviet Union split in 1960?
  8. How did the U.S. respond to Communist rule in China? How did Richard Nixon end this policy?
  9. What kind of government did the U.S. support in Taiwan? How did China view Taiwan?
  10. What happened to Korea after WWII? What kinds of governments were set up in the two Koreas?
  11. Why did North Korean troops attack South Korea in 1950? What did the U.S. do about this?
  12. How did China feel about the Korean War? What did Mao do in November 1950 because of this?  How did this affect the war?
  13. How did the Korean War end? What kind of government did South Korea have until 1987?  What happened in South Korea in 1987?
  14. Why was North Korea isolated and poor starting in the late 1960s? What kind of government does North Korea still have?

"The End of the Cold War” HW

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 536-542.  DEFINE ALL 8 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER

  1.  How did Soviet life improve under Khrushshev?  What did Eastern Europeans do because of this?  How did Khrushchev respond to them?
  2. What was Sputnik?  What kind of problems did the Soviet economy face?  List and explain at least two of them.
  3. Why did the Soviet Union invade Afghanistan in 1979?  How did the U.S. get involved in this conflict?
  4. How did Mikhail Gorbachev deal with the Afghanistan war?  How did he try to reform the Soviet government?
  5. What did Gorbachev’s policies lead to in the Eastern European countries?  What did Soviet hard-liners try to do to Gorbachev because of this?
  6. How did shipyard workers challenge the Soviet backed government in Poland?  What did the Polish government do because of this? 
  7. What did the East German government do because of glasnost?  What happened in East Germany when Hungary opened its border with Austria in 1989?
  8. What did Gorbachev say about the revolutions that were taking place in Eastern Europe?  What happened in Poland because of this?  What happened in East Germany because of this?
  9. What happened to Czechoslovakia after the fall of the Soviet Union?
  10. What did Deng Xiaoping accomplish in China?  Did the Communist Party in China undertake any political reforms?

 

Due:

“The End of WWII” Homework

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 488-493.  DEFINE ALL 7 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. How many people were killed in the war? How did the war affect Europe?
  2. What did the Allies do to punish Axis leaders who had committed war crimes? What did the Western Allies do to help rebuild the conquered countries?
  3. Why was the United Nations established? What powers does it have?
  4. What were the main differences between the Soviet Union and the capitalist allies? Why did the Cold War begin?
  5. How did Truman respond to Soviet aggression in Europe? What was his plan to encourage countries to remain capitalist?
  6. Why was Germany divided between the Soviet Union and the capitalist countries? Why did the capitalist allies airlift food and fuel to East Germany?
  7. What were the main opposing alliances of the Cold War? What kind of countries “supported” the Soviet Union?
  8. Why did genocides occur in Cambodia and Rwanda?

“The Cold War Unfolds” Homework

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 502-510.  DEFINE ALL 10 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. What were the two main military alliances during the Cold War? Why was the Berlin Wall built?  What did this Wall show the world?
  2. How did workers revolt against the Soviet Union in East Berlin in 1953? How did the Polish people challenge communism in the 1950s?
  3. How did the Hungarian leader Imre Nagy challenge communism in Hungary? What did the Soviet Union do in response?
  4. What was the Prague Spring? How did the Soviet Union respond to it?
  5. What did the Soviet Union develop in 1949? What did both sides in the Cold War have by 1953?
  6. What was mutually assured destruction? How did the U.S. and the Soviet Union attempt to limit nuclear weapons in 1969?
  7. Why were anti-ballistic missiles seen as such a threat? How did Ronald Reagan violate the SALT agreements? 
  8. What was détente and why did it end in 1979?
  9. What happened in China in 1949? What did the U.S. fear because of this?
  10. What happened in Cuba in 1959? What did Castro do when he came to power in Cuba?
  11. How did JFK try to overthrow Fidel Castro? What did the Soviet Union do in response to this?
  12. How did JFK respond to the Cuban Missile Crisis? How was war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union ultimately averted?
  13. Who succeeded Stalin and how did he shock Communist Party leaders in 1956? What happened to people who spoke out for civil liberties in the Soviet Union?
  14. What was the U.S. strategy toward communist nations? What did people in the U.S. do because of the dangers of nuclear warfare?
  15. What was the Red Scare? Who was Joseph McCarthy and what was McCarthyism?
  16. What was HUAC and what did they try to do in 1947? What happened to people who were seen as communists in the U.S. during this time?

 

Due:

“The Allies Turn the Tide” Classwork

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 475-483.  DEFINE ALL 6 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. What did the governments of the allied forces do to wage total war? How were Japanese Americans treated in the U.S.?
  2. How did women help in the war effort? What stereotypes of women did this disprove?
  3. What was decided at the Tehran Conference of 1943? Why did Stalin believe that the U.S. and Britain wanted to weaken the Soviet Union?
  4. How were the Russians able to defeat the Germans in Stalingrad?
  5. How did the Allies begin their 1944 assault on Germany? What were they ultimately able to accomplish in D-Day?
  6. How did the Allies attack Germany after D-Day? Are these kinds of attacks justifiable in war?
  7. What were the different goals of the major powers at the Yalta Conference? What did they ultimately agree to?

“Victory in Europe and the Pacific” HW Questions

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 484-487.  DEFINE ALL 8 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. What were the two main reasons why the Allies were able to defeat Germany?
  2. What was the U.S. strategy to defeat Japan before the use of the atom bomb?
  3. Why did President Harry Truman decide to drop the A-Bomb on Hiroshima? Was this a just decision?
  4. Why was the A-Bomb dropped on Nagasaki? Was this a just decision?

Due:

“From Appeasement to War” Classwork

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 460-465.  DEFINE ALL 8 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. How did Japan and Italy violate international law in the 1930s? Why was the League of Nations incapable of stopping them?
  2. What did Hitler do against the Treaty of Versailles? Why did Western European powers want to appease Germany?
  3. Why did Italy, Germany, and Japan form an alliance? Why did the axis powers get involved in Spain?
  4. What did the Germans do in Guernica, Spain? How was this a suggestion of things to come?
  5. Why did Germany take over Austria and Czechoslovakia? Why did the French and British allow this to happen?
  6. How did Hitler break his promise to France and Britain and what did they vow to do about Poland?
  7. Why did Germany and Russia agree not to fight each other?
 

“The Axis Advances” Classwork

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 466-474.  DEFINE ALL 8 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. What were Germany’s first actions in WWII? Why were France and England unable to stop the German advance?
  2. What did the Germans force the French to do once they defeated them? What happened to the French who opposed the Nazis?
  3. How did Germany attempt to conquer Britain? Why was Hitler’s plan unsuccessful?
  4. Why did the Germans invade the Soviet Union? How come they were not able to conquer Russia?
  5. What were Hitler’s beliefs about the Slavs of Europe and the Eastern European countries they resided in? What did the Nazis do with Jews and political opponents in the occupied countries?
  6. What groups did the Nazis target for discrimination? What did the Nazis do in their attempt to exterminate the Jewish people?
  7. What did the Japanese claim was their mission in Asia? What was their real goal and how did they attempt to do this?
  8. How did Franklin D. Roosevelt attempt to support the British before 1942?
  9. What U.S. actions angered the Japanese in 1940? Why did the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor?

Due:

“The Soviet Union Under Stalin” Classwork

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 440-447.  DEFINE ALL 8 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. How did Stalin’s view of communism differ from Karl Marx’s? Can a totalitarian state actually be communistic?
  2. What were Stalin’s five year plans and why did they fail?
  3. What was forced collectivization and why did it fail?
  4. How did Stalin use terror to ensure obedience to the Communist Party?
  5. How did Stalin attempt to control thought?
  6. Why did the Soviet Union create a new elite?
  7. What was Soviet foreign policy and how did it lead to “Red Scares” in the capitalist countries?

“Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany” Classwork

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 448-453.  DEFINE ALL 5 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. What were the political problems the Weimar Republic faced in 1919?
  2. Why did Germany collapse economically in 1924? What did this mean for ordinary Germans?
  3. How was Germany able to recover from the 1924 collapse?
  4. Why did so many ex-soldiers despise the Weimar Republic?
  5. How did Adolf Hitler view Jews? What was the vision he outlined for Germany in Mein Kampf?
  6. Why was Hitler able to expand his popular appeal during the Great Depression?
  7. How exactly did Hitler manage to become dictator of Germany?
  8. How did Hitler deal with the Great Depression? What aspect of his program violated the Treaty of Versailles?
  9. What did Hitler do to assure obedience to his rule?
  10. How did Hitler begin to persecute Jews in the 1930s?  Why did Kristallnacht happen?

 

Due:

“The Western Democracies Stumble” Classwork

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 427-433.  DEFINE ALL 10 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. How was the British government able to limit the rights of union workers in the 1920s?
  2. Why did Ireland end up split into two countries in 1922?
  3. Why did the U.S. limit immigration in 1924?
  4. What three things did France do to prevent a third invasion by Germany?
  5. How come the League of Nations was weak in the 1920s?
  6. What did Britain and France have to do to rebuild their societies after the war? How did this involve Germany?
  7. Why did the U.S. suffered from over-production in the 1920s? How did this affect the U.S. economy at large?
  8. What brought about the Great Depression? Why did the U.S. government’s actions make this worse?
  9. Why did the Great Depression spread from the U.S. to Germany?
  10. How did Britain and France attempt to deal with the Depression?  How did the U.S. attempt to deal with it?  Why do you think none of these countries was immediately successful?
  11. Why did many people begin to lose faith in democracy by the 1930s?

“Fascism in Italy” Classwork

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 434-439.  DEFINE ALL 5 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

  1. Why were Italian nationalists outraged after WWI? Why did the country descend into chaos during this period?
  2. Why did so many WWI veterans join Benito Mussolini’s Fascist party?
  3. How did Mussolini come to power in Italy?
  4. How did Mussolini maintain his rule once he became “Il Duce”?
  5. What kind of control did the Fascists exert over the economy?
  6. How did Fascists maintain popular support?
  7. Why were Fascists and Communists “sworn enemies”? How were Communism and Fascism similar ideologies?

 

Due:

Students will take a test on the vocabulary and questions from all of the WWI sections:  “The Great War Begins," “A New Kind of War," "Winning the War,” “Making the Peace” and “Revolution and Civil War in Russia.” 

Due:

 “Revolution and Civil War in Russia” Classwork Questions

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 375-381, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1. What did the majority of Russians do for a living in 1914? Why do you think this led to revolution?
  2. How did Tsar Nicholas II stay in power in the early 1900s? How did Marxists attempt to oppose him?
  3. Why was Russia unprepared to fight WWI?
  4. How did Tsar Nicholas II attempt to raise morale? Why did this prove to be a disaster?
  5. Why did workers go on strike in March, 1917? How did the Tsar respond to this?
  6. What did Russian politicians do when the Tsar abdicated? How did revolutionary socialists respond to this situation?
  7. Who was Vladimir Lenin? Since Russia had not industrialized, who did Lenin think should lead the revolution? 
  8. How did the Mensheviks and most Socialists in Europe want to create socialist change? How did the Bolsheviks differ from them?
  9. Why did Germany send Lenin to Russia in 1917?
  10. How did the provisional Russian government become so unpopular by November 1917?
  11. How did the Bolsheviks takeover Russia in 1917? What did they have to do to end Russian involvement in WWI?
  12. What was the Russian Civil War? Why did the allied forces intervene in it?
  13. During the Russian Civil War, how did the Bolshevik communists maintain control of the Russian people? How did they control the economy?
  14. Why did “war communism” fail? What was Lenin’s New Economic Policy in 1921?
  15. How did Josef Stalin gain control over the Soviet Union?

Due:

“Winning the War” Classwork Questions

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 365-369, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1. What was “total war” and how did the European countries attempt to achieve this?
  2. How did European countries engage in economic warfare?  How did this affect the U.S.?
  3. What is propaganda and how did European governments use this in WWI?
  4. What opportunities did women gain in Europe because of the war and how do you think this affected the male view of women?
  5. Why did soldier’s morale begin to drop in 1917?  Why do you think propaganda had little effect in boosting morale?
  6. Why did revolution break out in Russia?  How did this affect the war?
  7. What two factors led the U.S. to declare war on Germany?
  8. What were President Woodrow Wilson’s goals in entering WWI?  Why do you think none of his 14 points would be achieved after the war?
  9. What were the two main reasons Germany surrendered on November 11, 1918?

 “Making the Peace” Classwork Questions

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 370-374, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1. Why did the Triple Entente want the Central Powers to pay reparations?
  2. Why did radical ideas become so appealing after the war?
  3. What were the goals of the different leaders who dominated the Paris Peace Conference?
  4. What problems did self-determination pose for the Peace Conference?
  5. What did the Treaty of Versailles impose on Germany? Why did so many Germans resent this?
  6. What new countries did the allies create at the Paris Peace Conference? What did they do with the non-European territories that sought independence?
  7. What was the goal of the League of Nations? How come the U.S. senate refused to accept it?

 

Due:

“The Great War Begins” Classwork Questions

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 352-357, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1. Why did the different European countries form military alliances?  Why do you think this made war inevitable?
  2. What countries were in the Triple Alliance?  What countries were in the Triple Entente?
  3. What were the three major things the major European powers competed over?  Why do you think they competed over these things?
  4. How did nationalism also create tension between the European powers?
  5. What multinational empires “particularly feared rising nationalism”?  What minority populations had already started fighting for their independence?
  6. What event set off WWI in Sarajevo?   How did Austria respond to this?
  7. How did other European countries come to get involved in the Serbia-Austria crisis?
  8. What was Germany’s plan to win the war and how was it supposed to work?
  9. What was going on in many European countries before the war and why do you think this led many governments to embrace the war?

“A New Kind of War” Classwork Questions

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 358-364, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1. How was it that World War I “was the largest conflict in history up to that time”?
  2. Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?  How did it lead to a stalemate?
  3. What were six forms of modern technology that Europeans used in WWI?  How did these technologies lead to massive battlefield casualties?
  4. Why do you think WWI led to a revolution in Russia?
  5. Why did the Ottoman Empire join the Central Powers?  What did the Ottomans use as an excuse for the deportation of the Armenian people?
  6. How did the British government get Arabs to revolt against the Ottomans?
  7. Why did colonized peoples have “mixed feelings” about fighting on behalf of their colonizers?  What did they expect to gain from helping the colonial empires?
  8. After reading the passage from All Quiet on the Western Front, explain why the narrator speaks to a dead French soldier.  What does this suggest ordinary soldiers thought about the war?

 

Due:

Students will take a test on the questions and vocabulary from all three Mexican History packets.

Due:

Mexico:  From Independence to Revolution Part 3:  Homework

First, read over the packet, highlight/underline the main points from each paragraph and define all of the words in bold.

Then, answer the following questions in full sentences (at least two sentences per question).  Be sure to support your answers with evidence from the reading.

Part 1:  The Diaz Years

  1. How did Porfirio Diaz come to power? How did he manage to stay in charge of Mexico for 33 years?
  2. What did Diaz realize after visiting the U.S.? How did he attempt to achieve this goal?
  3. How did Diaz’s land policies affect Native Americans?
  4. What was one of the positive economic developments under the Diaz regime? How did this development hurt ordinary Mexicans?
  5. How did urban workers fare under Diaz’s presidency?
  6. Why did Diaz allow Francisco Madero to run against him in an election? Given what happened afterward, was this a smart move?  Why or why not?

Part 2:  The Mexican Revolution

  1. Why did Emiliano Zapata revolt against Francisco Madero?
  1. What led Victoriano Huerta to take power? How did his decision to murder Madero backfire on him?
  1. How did Venustiano Carranza gain recognition from the United States?

 10.Why did Pancho Villa launch attacks against civilians in the U.S.?

Part 3:  The 1917 Constitution

11.What were some of the lasting reforms established by the Mexican Constitution?

12. Why do you think Carranza and subsequent Mexican presidents did nothing to enforce the Mexican Constitution? What does this have to do with Mexican immigration to the United States today?

 

 

 

Due:

Mexico:  From Independence to Revolution Part 2:  Homework

First, read over the packet, highlight/underline the main points from each paragraph and define all of the words in bold.

Then, answer the following questions in full sentences (at least two sentences per question).  Be sure to support your answers with evidence from the reading.

Part 1:  Mexico after the War of Independence

  1. What problems did Mexico face after the country won its independence? What two political factions fought for control and why?

 Part 2:  The Texas Revolution

  1. Why do you think General Santa Anna was able to take control of Mexico?
  1. Why did the Texas immigrants have a problem with the Mexican government? What events led them to revolt? 

Part 3:  The Mexican-American War and the Caste War of the Yucatan

  1. What country started the Mexican-American war? Why do you think this happened?
  2. What were the results of the Mexican-American war? Why do you think this event still angers Mexicans to this day?
  3. Why do you think the Mayans started the Caste War of the Yucatan? Why did they lose?
  4. Why do you think Santa Anna was able to become a dictator even after he lost the Mexican-American war? What did this lead the liberals to do?

Part 4: Juarez and the French Occupation

  1. Why did La Reforma lead to a war? What were the differences between conservatives and liberals?
  2. Why did Europeans try to intervene in Mexico during the presidency of Benito Juarez? How did conservatives react?
  3. How did Porfirio Diaz come to power?

 

Due:

Mexico: From the 1400s through the War of Independence Homework

First, read over the packet, highlight/underline the main points from each paragraph and define all 52 bold words.

Then, answer the following questions in full sentences (at least two sentences per question).  Be sure to support your answers with evidence from the reading.

Part 1:  The Aztecs

  1. How did the Aztecs end up in Tenochtitlan? How did they get to be so powerful?

Part 2:  The Spanish Conquest of Mexico

  1. What did Diego Velazquez accomplish in his first two expeditions to explore Mexico? Why do you think the Mayans told the Spanish about the Aztecs?
  1. Why did Montezuma II allow Hernan Cortes and his men into the Mexican capital?
  1. What two advantages allowed the Spaniards to conquer the Aztecs? Why did these advantages make so much of a difference?

Part 3:  Colonial Mexico Society

  1. Why did most indigenous Mexicans and mestizos ended up accepting Catholicism?
  1. How was Mexican society organized? What group held the most power and why?

Part 4:  Colonial Mexican Economy

  1. How was Mexico a mercantile society? Why do you think that Mexican merchants often broke Mercantile laws?

Part 5:  The Mexican War of Independence

  1. What were the main causes of the Mexican War of Independence? What did Napoleon’s invasion of Spain have to do with the war?
  1. Why were the initial independence movements of Father Hidalgo and Father Morelos unsuccessful?

 10.  What led Mexicans to unite against Spain?

 

Due:

Students took a test on the vocabulary and questions from the following sections: “Building Overseas Empires," “The Partition of Africa," “European Claims in Muslim Regions,” “The British Take Over India,” and “China and the New Imperialism”

Due:

“European Claims in Muslim Regions” Classwork

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 298-302, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1. Why is it that the major Muslim empires were declining in the 1700s?
  2. Why did Islamic fundamentalism become powerful in the Sudan and Saudi Arabia?
  3. What kinds of demands did Europeans make of the Muslim empires?  How do you think ordinary Middle Easterners felt about this?
  4. How did nationalism affect the Ottoman Empire?  What role did Europeans play in weakening the Ottomans?
  5. What led to the Armenian Genocide?  What effects did the genocide have on the Armenian community?
  6. How did Egypt try to compete with the European powers?  How did the British ultimately respond to this?
  7. How did Britain and Russia react upon the discovery of oil in Persia (modern-day Iran)?

“The British Take Over India” Classwork

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 303-307, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1. How were the British able to take over India?
  2. What East India Company policies did Indians find offensive?  What event led to a rebellion in 1857?
  3. What were the consequences of the Sepoy Rebellion?
  4. How was British colonialism in India an “unequal partnership”?
  5. Why did population growth prove to be a disaster in India?
  6. Why did India’s upper classes often support British rule?
  7. What led to the growth of Indian nationalism?  Why do you think this happened?

“China and the New Imperialism” Classwork

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 309-313, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1. How did China maintain a favorable balance of trade with foreigners?  What changed this?
  2. What led to the Opium War?  Were the English right to insist on “free trade”?
  3. What did Britain gain through the Treaty of Nanjing?  What did the U.S., France, and Russia gain from other treaties?
  4. Why did the Taiping Rebellion break out?  How did this affect foreign relations?
  5. How did Japan take advantage of China’s weaknesses?  What did other European powers do as a result of this?
  6. How did the Open Door Policy lead to the Boxer Rebellion?  What was the aftermath of the uprising?
  7. What events brought about the birth of the Chinese Republic?

 

Due:

“Building Overseas Empires” Classwork

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 286-289, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1.  Why did the Industrial Revolution lead to a new period of imperialism in the 1870s?
  2. What economic, political, and military motives were behind the New Imperialism?
  3. What do you think was a more important cause of the New Imperialism: economic/political or humanitarian/religious goals?  Why?
  4. What was Social Darwinism?  How did this justify the New Imperialism?
  5. Why were non-Western civilizations unprepared to fight off the Europeans?  What were the European advantages?
  6. What kind of imperial rule did the French practice?  What form of imperial rule did the British practice?

“The Partition of Africa” Classwork

 READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 290-297, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

  1. How did North Africans and West Africans become Muslims?
  2. What kind of relationship did East Africans have with the Middle East?
  3. How did the Zulu kingdom arise in South Africa? What led to its downfall?
  4. What did missionaries try to change about Africa in the mid 1800s? Why did their attitude anger many Africans?
  5. What did King Leopold II try to achieve in his “civilizing mission” in Africa? What does this suggest about other countries that talk about using their military power to forcefully improve other nations?
  6. What happened at the Berlin Conference of 1884? Who was not invited and why is that significant?
  7. What did Europeans have to do to establish African colonies? How did this lead to atrocities in the Congo?
  8. What areas did France and Britain colonize? How did this lead to conflict in the South Africa?
  9. How did Africans resist imperialism? Provide at least three examples of African resistance and explain how each of them turned out.
  10. How did the new African elite view Africa? What led them to fight for independence?
  11. Based on the story “On Trial for My Country,” why is it that many African leaders sought to avoid fighting against Europeans?

 

Due:

Students need to take 1 page of notes on a documentary about colonialism in the Congo (https://lapl.kanopystreaming.com/video/congo-white-king-red-rubber-black-death)

Due:

Students will take a test on the four "Industrial Revolution" sections.  The test will cover the HW questions and vocabulary words.

Due:

Capitalism Essay (FINAL DRAFT)

Is a free market better than other kinds of economies? Using historical examples from the World History textbook, explain whether or not the U.S. should adopt the un-regulated capitalism of the Industrial Revolution or follow another economic system altogether.

Due:

Capitalism Essay (ROUGH DRAFT)

Is a free market better than other kinds of economies? Using historical examples from the World History textbook, explain whether or not the U.S. should adopt the un-regulated capitalism of the Industrial Revolution or follow another economic system altogether.

Due:

Industrial Revolution Parts 3 & 4 HW
 
“Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution” Classwork
READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 178-183, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.
1. How did urbanization affect the major cities of Britain?
2. What kind of life did former farmers find in the cities? Who benefited most from the Industrial Revolution and why?
3. Why were the first workers’ protests unsuccessful?
4. Why do you think many workers found comfort in religion?
5. What were some of the harsh working conditions faced by factory workers, miners, and children?
6. After reading “The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844,” explain Friedrich Engel’s attitude on the Industrial Revolution.

“New Ways of Thinking” Classwork
READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 184-189, DEFINE ALL THE BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.
1. What was Thomas Malthus’ argument about population growth? Is this still relevant today?
2. Explain Adam Smith’s argument about the free market. Based on working conditions in the industrial era, do you think he was right or wrong?
3. Why was Malthus proved wrong?
4. Why did Malthus and Ricardo opposed any government assistance for poor people? Do you think they were right?
5. What was Mill’s belief on government? Why is it that so many middle class people rejected his argument in the 1800s?
6. What is socialism? Is this a realistic philosophy? Why/why not?
7. What was Karl Marx’s argument about the social classes? Does this argument still apply today?
8. What is the difference between a market economy, a centrally planned economy, and a mixed economy? Which one do you think is the best and why?

Due:

Industrial Revolution Parts 1 and 2 HW
 
“The Dawn of the Industrial Age” Homework

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 170-173, DEFINE ALL 4 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.
1. What kind of work did most people do before the Industrial Revolution? Why did this change?
2. How is it that new advantages in agriculture brought about the Industrial Revolution in Europe?
3. How did the enclosure movement affect peasant farmers?
4. Why did the agricultural revolution increase the European population?
5. What kind of new technologies triggered the Industrial Revolution? Why?


“Britain Leads the Way” Homework

READ THE WORLD HISTORY TEXTBOOK FROM PAGES 174-177, DEFINE ALL 8 BOLD WORDS AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.
1. Why did Britain’s natural resources make it the first country to industrialize?
2. What did slavery have to do with Britain’s industrialization?
3. What did Britain’s textile industry look like before the Industrial Revolution? How did this change in the Industrial Revolution?
4. What innovations led to the transportation revolution? How did the transportation revolution support the Industrial Revolution?

Due:

Students will take a test on the four sections of The French Revolution The test will cover the HW questions and vocabulary words.
 

Due:

French Revolution Parts 3 & 4 HW
 
French Revolution Part 3 HW
Read the World History Textbook from Pages 121 – 126, define all 7 Blue Words, and answer all the following questions in complete sentences in your notebook.

Part 1:
1. Was the war between French Revolutionaries and the other monarchies of Europe a defensive or offensive war for the French? Why?
2. Why did revolutionaries attack the royal palace and free political prisoners? Do you think they accomplished what they set out to do?
3. What did the National Convention vote to do? What kind of rights did it expand?
4. Were the revolutionaries right to execute King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette? Why/why not?

Part 2:
5. What were some of the problems facing the National Convention? How do you think they should have dealt with them?
6. What was the Committee on Public Safety? How did the National Convention finance this?
7. What was Robespierre’s philosophy? How do you think this helped him to rise to power among the Jacobins?
8. Was the Reign of Terror necessary to sustain order?

Part 3:
9. What kind of government was established by the constitution of 1795? Why do you think the bourgeoisie wanted this kind of government?
10. What were some of the problems the Directory had to deal with? How did they respond?

Part 3:
11. Why is it that nationalism did not exist in France prior to the French Revolution?
12. What was going on in Haiti around the time of the French Revolution? Why do you think this took place?

French Revolution Part 4 HW

Read the World History Textbook from Pages 128 – 136, define all 10 Blue Words, and answer all the following questions in complete sentences in your notebook.

Part 1:
1. Based on Napoleon’s quotes on page 128, do you think Napoleon was committed to the idea of creating a republican government? Why or why not?
2. What were some of Napoleon’s first military victories? How was he able to keep news of his defeat from reaching ordinary French people?
3. Why do you think Napoleon was able to get away with crowning himself emperor? Why do you think the majority of French male voters approved his rule in plebiscites?

Part 2:
4. How did Napoleon strengthen the government and restore economic prosperity?
5. What did Napoleon do to gain support from people of all classes?
6. What were some of the positive and negatives of the Napoleonic Code?

Part 3:
7. What made Napoleon’s military strategy so effective?
8. What territory did Napoleon gain through war? How did he govern this territory? Was this a smart way to build an empire?
9. What country was able to stand up to Napoleon’s forces? What did Napoleon do to strike back at this country? How did this draw the U.S. into the war?
10. Why did Napoleon’s Continental System backfire on him?

Part 3:
11. If Europeans liked some of the ideas of the French Revolution, why did they rebel against Napoleon?
12. What kind of warfare did the Spanish use against Napoleon’s forces? Why do you think they did this?
13. How were the Russians able to defeat the French?

Part 4:
14. What was the result of the Battle of Leipzig? How did this lead to Napoleon’s return to power?
15. Why was Napoleon ultimately defeated? What were some of the positive and negative consequences of Napoleon’s reign?
16. What was the Congress of Vienna able to accomplish?
17. Why do you think nationalism ultimately led to the end of European empires?

Due:

French Revolution Parts 1 & 2 HW
 
French Revolution Part 1 HW
Read the World History Textbook from Pages 108 – 113, define all 10 Blue Words, and answer all the following questions in complete sentences.

Part 1:
1. What does France’s location have to do with the first and second Guns, Germs, and Steel packet? Given what we know about this region of the world, why do you think France became a powerful empire that by the early 1700s controlled much of North America and the Caribbean?

Part 2:
2. How was French society divided?
3. What kind of power did the first and second estates hold in France?
4. Who made up the third estate? What do you think prevented them from uniting against the other two estates?
5. Who paid taxes in 18th century France? How do you think this group of people felt about that and why did they feel this way?

Part 3:
6. Why did the French have such a high national debt in the 18th century? What do you think the monarchy should have done about it?
7. What kinds of economic reforms did Louis XVI impose? Why didn’t these reforms work?
8. Why did the king call an Estates-General? Do you think this was a good idea?

Part 4:
9. What do you think each of the estates wanted from an Estates-General?
10. How did the third estate revolt against the first two estates? Why did they do this?
11. Why did ordinary Parisians storm the Bastille?


French Revolution Part 2 HW

Read the World History Textbook from Pages 114 – 120, define all 8 Blue Words, and answer all the following questions in complete sentences in your notebook.

Part 1:
1. What were the three phases of the French Revolution and when did they occur?

Part 2:
2. Why were so many peasants unemployed before the French Revolution?
3. What was the “Great Fear”? What made the peasants so angry?
4. What were the two major political factions in Paris?

Part 3:
5. What was Feudalism (you might need to look this up in a dictionary) and why do you think nobles voted to abolish it?
6. What inspired the Declaration of the Rights of Man? What are some of the rights it granted to all male property-holding citizens?
7. How did the Declaration of the Rights of Man maintain inequality?
8. Why were poor women angry with Marie Antoinette? How did the king respond to this? Do you think his response was a good idea?

Part 4:
9. Why do you think the National Assembly put the Catholic Church under state control? How did the church respond?
10. What kind of government did the Constitution of 1791 establish? What kind of power did the Legislative Assembly have?
11. How did the King react to the Constitution? What did this suggest to the Revolutionaries?

Part 5:
12. Why were other European monarchies fearful of what was happening in France? How did they get their information?
13. What was the Declaration of Pilnitz and what were the consequences of it?
14. Why did the sans-culottes end up taking over?

Due:

Students will take a test on the second "Guns, Germs, and Steel" packet.  The test will cover the HW questions and vocabulary words.

Due:

Guns, Germs, & Steel Part 2: HW
First, read over the packet, highlight the main points from each paragraph and define all of the words in bold.
Then, answer the following questions in two full sentences per answer. Be sure to support your answers with evidence from the reading.
Part 1: The Spanish Conquest of the Americas
1. What was Spain like in the early 1500s? What do you think this has to do with the Spanish Conquest of the Americas?
Part 2: Horse-Power: A Uniquely European Advantage
2. What did horses and oxes do for Europeans? Why did this give them an advantage over the Americans?
3. Why did Ataxalpa invite the Spaniards to Cajamarca? Do you think this was a good idea given the little he knew about them?
Part 3: Guns and Swords = Victory at Cajamarca?
4. What kind of advantage did guns give Spaniards in the battle of Cajamarca?
5. What piece of technology proved decisive to the European victory at Cajamarca? How did Europeans develop this?
6. How did the Spaniards react upon seeing the Incans for the first time?
Part 4: The Pen is Mightier than the Sword: The Power of Written Language in the Clash of Civilizations
7. How did Pizarro use the written word to defeat the Incas?
8. How come the Incans did not know how to write?
9. How did the Spaniards win the battle of Cajamarca?
Part 5: Germs and the Conquest of “Paradise”
10. Why did the Spaniards pass their diseases onto the Incas, and not the other way around?
11. If the Spaniards did not bring diseases with them to the Americas do you think they still would have conquered the native civilizations?
12. How did the Spaniards deal with Ataxalpa? Is it ok to do things like this in a war?

Due:

Students will take a test on the Columbus section of A People's History of the United States (http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/zinncol1.html).

Due:

“Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress” Homework Questions

READ PAGES 1 - 7 OF A PEOPLE’S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES (http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/zinncol1.html) AND ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES (2 SENTENCES PER QUESTION) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER.

1. How did Christopher Columbus initially describe the Arawaks he encountered on his first voyage to the Americas? What was he looking for when he went there?
2. Why did European countries seek a sea route to the Indies? What was Columbus promised in return for bringing back gold and spices to Spain?
3. Why did Columbus take some Arawaks prisoner upon arriving in the Bahamas? Why did Columbus get in a fight with the Arawaks on his first voyage?
4. What did Columbus guarantee the King and Queen of Spain if they financed a second voyage to the “Indies”? How did Columbus and his men treat the Arawaks on his second voyage? How did they respond?
5. What did Columbus do when his men were unable to find any gold in 1495? What did Columbus do to pay off his debts in Cicao?
6. How come the Arawaks were unable to fight back against the Spanish? What did Arawaks do to escape the Spaniards?
7. Why were the encomiendas set up? How many Arawaks were left in the Bahamas by 1650?
8. Who is our main source of information about Columbus and the conquistadors? How did he get this information?
9. How did Las Casas describe gender relations in the Native American societies he encountered? How were slave-holding Spaniards shaped by slavery according to Las Casas?

Due:

Students will take a test on the Ancient Greece HW questions and vocabulary.

Due:

Ancient Greece HW 
Read the World History Textbook from Pages 8 – 19, define all the Blue Words, and answer all the following questions in complete sentences in your notebook.
Part 1:
1. What does Greece's location have to do with the first Guns, Germs, and Steel packet? Given what we know about this region of the world, why do you think Greece became a great civilization?
 
Part 2:
2. Why did the Greeks form city-states? Who governed city-states at first? Who took over from them?
 
3. Who defended the city-states in war? Who held power in Sparta and why?
 
Part 3:
4. What kind of government did they invent in Athens? Why did people sell themselves or their families into slavery in Athens?
 
5. What kind of laws did Solon put in place? How did these affect ordinary Athenians?
 
6. Why did tyrants come to power in Athens? What kind of government did Cleisthenes set up?
 
7. What civilization challenged Athen's power? How did the Athenians ultimately beat them? What kind of government did Pericles set up?
 
8. What happened in the Peloponnesian war? How did this affect Athens?
 
Part 4:
9. What did the Sophists believe? What was Socrates known for doing?
 
10. What happened to Socrates and what does his case say about the problems with democracies?
 
11. How did Socrates' death affect Plato? What did Plato believe the ideal society looked like?
 
12. What did Aristotle believe about government? How did Aristotle influence Alexander the Great?
 
13. What did Alexander try to achieve in his lifetime? Why do you think he was unsuccessful?
 
14. How did Alexander’s actions affect the Middle East, N. Africa, and Europe? How do you think his actions ultimately affected the Greek empire?

Due:

Students will take a test on the Guns, Germs, and Steel Part 1 Reading. The test will cover all of the vocabulary as well as the homework questions.

Due:

Guns, Germs, and Steel Part 1 HW
First, read over the packet, highlight the main points from each paragraph and define all of the words in bold. Then, answer the following questions in at least two full sentences each. Be sure to support your answers with evidence from the reading.
Part 1: Yali’s Question
1. In writing Guns, Germs, and Steel what was Jared Diamond’s purpose? How did this become such an intriguing topic to him?
2. How come Diamond does not accept racist ideas about human differences? Part 2: Farming and the Fertile Crescent
3. What was the Middle East like 13,000 years ago? How did people get their food and why did they do things this way?
4. What did people begin to do when the Middle East underwent a drought? Why do you think they did this?
5. How come farming in New Guinea is not as productive as it was in the Middle East?
6. What do you think farming has to do with inequality in the world today?
Part 3: Animal Domestication
7. How did the first farmers domesticate animals?
8. Why is it that the majority of animals were domesticated in Europe, the Middle East, and East Asia? How do you think this affected the development of non European/Middle Eastern/East Asian civilizations?
Part 4: Farming, Animal Domestication, and the Development of Technology
9. How were the people of the people of the Fertile Crescent “geographically blessed”? What do these “blessings” have to do with the development of technology?
10. How come the Middle East no longer leads the world in technological advances?
Part 5: Latitude and the Spread of Civilization across Eurasia
11. What does latitude have to do with the spread of civilization?
12. Why do you think Europe came to dominate much of the world?